Energy Transition

Offshore Wind sector begins to take off in the US

The BOEM made a number of announcements through July as the Biden Biden-Harris administration's commitment to creating nearly 80,000 jobs through the development of 30 GW of offshore wind by 2030 begins to take shape.

In Virginia, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) will be conducting an environmental review for a potential wind project offshore Virginia Beach.

Located approximately 23.5 nautical miles offshore Virginia, the project calls for the construction and operation of up to 205 turbines capable of generating up to 3,000 megawatts of electricity. The project proposal includes three offshore substations with one possible cable landfall location in Virginia Beach. The energy produced would help Virginia reach its legislated goal of securing 5.2 GW of offshore energy by 2034. Dominion Energy already operates a research offshore wind project located near the proposed CVOW-C project location, consisting of two test turbines in federal waters off the coast of Virginia Beach, which will provide data to help inform the commercial-scale project.

Offshore Wind sector begins to take off in the US

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In California, the BOEM announced two actions advancing the federal wind leasing process offshore California. First, BOEM will publish a Call for Information and Nominations to request information from the public and determine industry interest in commercial offshore wind energy development for two new areas within a 399-square-mile area located off central California. The new areas are adjacent to the Morro Bay Call Area, originally identified by BOEM in 2018. The extension areas will be included in BOEM's overall analysis of the Morro Bay 399 Area. Second, BOEM has formally designated the Humboldt Wind Energy Area (WEA) offshore northern California and will now proceed with an environmental review of this area, as required under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

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In North Carolina, the potential first operational wind energy project offshore "Kitty Hawk" is now under an environmental review with the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management announced by the U.S. Department of the Interior. The 2500MW Kitty Hawk project consists of 69 turbines and is operated by Avangrid Renewables, part of Iberdrola Group. Construction is expected in 2025 and commercial operation by 2026.

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Kitty Hawk



Finally, in New Jersey, The Board of Public Utilities issued an order giving Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind, the 50-50 joint venture between EDF Renewables North America and Shell New Energies US LLC, the right to provide clean offshore wind energy to power the state of New Jersey. Through a rigorous bid and selection process, Atlantic Shores won the rights to provide 1.5 gigawatts (GW) of renewable offshore energy, enough energy to power over 700,000 homes.

Subject to a future investment decision, once constructed Atlantic Shores will develop and operate in a lease area located approximately 10-20 miles off the coast of New Jersey between Atlantic City and Barnegat Light.

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Shell starts up Europe's largest PEM green hydrogen electrolyser

Europe's largest PEM hydrogen electrolyser began operations at Shell's Energy and Chemicals Park Rheinland, producing green hydrogen.

As part of the Refhyne European consortium and with European Commission funding through the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), the fully operational plant is the first to use this technology at such a large scale in a refinery. The Rheinland electrolyser will use renewable electricity to produce up to 1,300 tonnes of green hydrogen a year. This will initially be used to produce fuels with lower carbon intensity. The green hydrogen will also be used to help decarbonise other industries.

The European consortium backing the project consists of Shell, ITM Power, research organisation SINTEF, consultants Sphera and Element Energy. The electrolyser was manufactured by ITM power in Sheffield, UK, and includes parts made in Italy, Sweden, Spain and Germany.

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Sasol and IDC formalise partnership to co-develop South Africa's hydrogen

Sasol Limited and the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa Limited (IDC) have concluded a memorandum of cooperation (MOC) to jointly develop and shape an enabling environment to advance South Africa's green hydrogen economy.

Underpinning the MOC is acknowledgement by the parties that South Africa is in a unique position to leverage its world class renewable resources endowment and infrastructure, as well as Sasol's Fischer-Tropsch technology and skills to position the country as a leader in a global hydrogen economy.

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BW Ideol sign a Joint Development Agreement with ENEOS Corporation for a commercial-scale floating offshore wind farm in Japan

BW Ideol announced the signing of a joint development agreement with ENEOS Corporation, Japan's largest oil refiner and distributor, to develop a site-specific commercial-scale floating offshore wind farm off Japan based on BW Ideol's patented Damping Pool® technology.

The two companies will collaborate very closely and contribute to the early commercialization of cost-competitive floating offshore wind power in Japan. BW Ideol is a global leader in floating offshore wind with a fast-growing pipeline of commercial-scale projects across the globe. BW Ideol is the only floating technology provider with two full-scale assets in operation in two strategic and pioneering markets for floating wind (France and Japan).

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EDP, TechnipFMC and Partners Join Forces to Develop a Concept Study for Green Hydrogen Production From Offshore

EDP, TechnipFMC (NYSE: FTI) (PARIS: FTI) and other research partners are joining forces to develop a conceptual engineering and economic feasibility study for a new offshore system for green hydrogen production from offshore wind power, called the BEHYOND project. The study will include innovative integration of equipment for the production and conditioning of green hydrogen and infrastructure that allows for its transportation to the coast. The goal is to create a unique concept that can be standardized and implemented worldwide, allowing for large-scale hydrogen production.

BEHYOND brings together global players in energy, EDP and TechnipFMC, with the CEiiA research center - Center for Engineering and Development, WavEC Offshore Renewables, and the University of South-Eastern Norway (USN). The joint development will allow the consortium partners to position themselves in the hydrogen value chain, developing new business models and creating engineering solutions, new products and services for the hydrogen sector, worldwide. This consortium will strengthen cooperation between Portugal and Norway and increase Portugal's competitiveness in the growth of the 'blue economy.' The BEHYOND project was selected for support by the Blue Growth Programme of the European Economic Area Financial Mechanism (EEA Grants).

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SSE and Equinor developing plans for world-leading hydrogen storage facility in Yorkshire

SSE Thermal and Equinor are developing plans for one of the world's largest hydrogen storage facilities at their existing Aldbrough site on the East Yorkshire coast. The facility could be storing low-carbon hydrogen as early as 2028.

The existing Aldbrough Gas Storage facility, which was commissioned in 2011, is co-owned by SSE Thermal and Equinor, and consists of nine underground salt caverns, each roughly the size of St. Paul's Cathedral. Upgrading the site to store hydrogen would involve converting the existing caverns or creating new purpose-built caverns to store the low-carbon fuel.

With an initial expected capacity of at least 320GWh, Aldbrough Hydrogen Storage would be significantly larger than any hydrogen storage facility in operation in the world today. The Aldbrough site is ideally located to store the low-carbon hydrogen set to be produced and used in the Humber region.

The Aldbrough Hydrogen Storage project is the latest being developed in a long-standing partnership between SSE Thermal and Equinor in the UK, which includes the joint venture to build the Dogger Bank Offshore Wind Farm, the largest offshore wind farm in the world.

Equinor has announced its intention to develop 1.8GW of 'blue hydrogen' production in the region starting with its 0.6GW H2H Saltend project which will supply low-carbon hydrogen to local industry and power from the mid-2020s. This will be followed by a 1.2GW production facility to supply the Keadby Hydrogen Power Station, proposed by SSE Thermal and Equinor as the world's first 100% hydrogen-fired power station, before the end of the decade.

SSE Thermal and Equinor's partnership in the Humber marks the UK's first end-to-end hydrogen proposal, connecting production, storage and demand projects in the region. While the Aldbrough facility would initially store the hydrogen produced for the Keadby Hydrogen Power Station, the benefit of this large-scale hydrogen storage extends well beyond power generation. The facility would enable growing hydrogen ambitions across the region, unlocking the potential for green hydrogen, and supplying an expanding offtaker market including heat, industry and transport from the late 2020s onwards.

Aldbrough Hydrogen Storage, and the partners' other hydrogen projects in the region, are in the development stage and final investment decisions will depend on the progress of the necessary business models and associated infrastructure.

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SSE and Equinor developing plans for world-leading hydrogen storage facility in Yorkshire



SOCAR and Technip Energies enter a cooperation agreement on offshore sustainable energy development

SOCAR and Technip Energies entered today a cooperation agreement to study sustainability measures in the offshore upstream activities, including CO2 emission reduction, improvement of power efficiency and associated optimization in the total cost of ownership.

The cooperation agreement includes evaluation of a joint pilot project for offshore energy production on a floating wind turbine. The pilot project envisages energy supply for upstream operations in the Caspian Sea. This would be the first case of offshore wind energy production in Azerbaijan.

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ExxonMobil to participate in carbon capture and storage project in Scotland

ExxonMobil has signed a Memorandum of Understanding to participate in the recently announced Acorn carbon capture and storage project (CCS) in Scotland. The project plans to capture and store approximately 5-6 million tons of CO2 per year by 2030 from gas terminals at the St Fergus complex at Peterhead, Scotland, which includes ExxonMobil's joint venture gas terminal.

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ExxonMobil to participate in carbon capture and storage project in Scotland



Eni UK and Uniper partnering for the decarbonisation of the North Wales energy sector

Eni UK and Uniper have announced today the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to jointly evaluate decarbonisation initiatives in North Wales. The collaboration, in line with the UK government's ten-point plan for the green industrial revolution, will investigate the technical and commercial feasibility to work together on future low carbon project initiatives in the region.

Eni UK currently owns and operates the oil and gas fields in Liverpool Bay, feeding gas extracted from the fields into the Uniper owned Connah's Quay power station in Flintshire. The MOU will support Uniper's investigations into future opportunities for blue and green hydrogen production at Uniper's site, capturing any CO2 produced as a by-product from the process. While Eni UK will use its infrastructure to transport and store the CO2 in Liverpool Bay.

Uniper's Connah's Quay facility is ideally located for low carbon hydrogen production as it has a source of gas from the national transmission system and is in close proximity to the existing Eni UK pipeline infrastructure, which is being repurposed to transport CO2 as part of the move of Eni UK into Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) as part of the wider HyNet North West project.

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Eni signs an agreement to produce hydrogen in Egypt

Eni announces that it has signed an agreement with the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC) and the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS) to assess the technical and commercial feasibility of projects for the production of hydrogen in the country.

The parties will conduct a study into joint projects to produce green hydrogen, using electricity generated from renewables, and blue hydrogen, through the storage of CO2 in depleted natural gas fields.

The study will also analyze the potential local market consumption of hydrogen and export opportunities. In addition, possible development and business schemes will be evaluated to implement the selected projects.

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Equinor, RES and Green Giraffe team up for floating offshore wind growth in France

Equinor, RES and Green Giraffe join forces and form Océole, a partnership dedicated to developing floating offshore wind in France. Océole will evaluate and work towards submitting bids in the upcoming floating offshore wind tenders held by the French government.

Establishing this partnership is in line with the three companies' ambition of delivering high-performance floating offshore wind projects to support France's targets of up to 6.8 GW offshore wind by 2028 on its path to become carbon neutral by 2050.

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Neptune Energy applauds subsidy award for offshore green hydrogen

Neptune Energy has welcomed an announcement by the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) to award a subsidy to the PosHYdon project, the world's first offshore green hydrogen pilot on a working platform.

The subsidy was awarded under the RVO's Demonstration Energy and climate Innovation (DEI+) scheme, which invites funding applications for investments in renewable energy developments, including hydrogen pilots.

PosHYdon, which will be hosted on the Neptune Energy-operated Q13a-A platform, aims to validate the integration of offshore wind, offshore gas and offshore hydrogen in the Dutch North Sea. It will see the installation of a green hydrogen-producing plant on the Q13a-A platform. The plant will convert seawater into demineralised water, then into green hydrogen via electrolysis, which will be blended with natural gas and transported to shore via an existing pipeline.

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Neptune Energy applauds subsidy award for offshore green hydrogen


AquaSector: Study investigates potential for first large-scale offshore hydrogen park in the German North Sea

RWE, Shell, Gasunie and Equinor signed a declaration of intent to further intensify their collaboration on the AquaSector project - the vision of the first large-scale German offshore hydrogen park.

The project aims to demonstrate that, in Germany, offshore-based hydrogen production enables an efficient, cost-effective and sustainable way to produce green hydrogen.

The AquaSector project intends to install approx. 300 megawatt (MW) electrolyser capacity to produce up to 20,000 tons per year of green hydrogen offshore. The green hydrogen is planned to be transported via a pipeline, called AquaDuctus, to Heligoland starting in the year of 2028.

The partners see the AquaSector project also as a 'proof of concept' for the realisation of the AquaVentus vision of producing up to 10 gigawatts of green hydrogen offshore by 2035 and transporting it via an extended pipeline to mainland Germany.

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The Crown Estate announces intent to grant seabed rights for wind project offshore UK, subject to HRA

SBM Offshore is pleased to announce that The Crown Estate has confirmed an intention to move forward with the lease process for two 100MW floating wind test and demonstration sites in the Celtic Sea to Llŷr Floating Wind Limited.

The formal award will be subject to a Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA), following which, the Llŷr project will progress with environmental assessments and surveys in line with the regulatory consent processes.

This milestone was reached by Floventis Energy Limited, a newly established joint venture between SBM Offshore and Cierco Ltd. focusing on the development of floating wind projects. The joint venture seeks to secure seabed rights and relevant permits before implementing state-of-the-art technologies for floating offshore wind activities, helping to stimulate infrastructure investment, reduce costs and develop a supply chain in what will be one of the key UK markets for floating offshore wind.

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The Crown Estate announces intent to grant seabed rights for wind project offshore UK, subject to HRA